Thursday, April 2, 2009
Using 20g of gumamela leaves (20g), beaker, strainer, water, and mortar and pestle the researcher conducted an experiment. In making the gumamela leaves extract. First, the materials will be gathered. Second, the collected gumamela leaves will be washed. Third, the washed gumamela leaves will be pound using mortar and pestle. Fourth, the extract will be strain and lastly the extract will be put in a container. After that, it will be applied to the wound and observe it for three days. In this study there are two set-ups: antiseptic made with gumamela leaves extract and commercial antiseptic which is the control of the study.
After the experiment it shows that gumamela leaves extract can cure abrasions. However, it is not that good like the commercial antiseptic. Thus, the researcher would like to recommend further analysis of the other parts of the gumamela plant that can cure wounds. It is also recommended to investigate further in using the gumamela leaves extract in other wounds.
To our one and only creator, God, who has provided me everything!
To my ever supporting parents, for the emotional and financial help!
To my teachers, for the time that they spent in evaluating my proposal!
To my friends, for always cheering me up and helping me when I'm in need!
Thank you so much!!!
Wednesday, April 1, 2009
The researcher,therefore,finds that gumamela leaves extract can cure abrasions but commercial antiseptic is faster in curing the said injury.
The researcher would like to recommend further analysis of the other parts of the gumamela plant that can cure wounds. It is also recommended to investigate further in using the gumamela leaves extract in other wounds.
Table 1: Characteristics of the gumamela extract and commercial antiseptic
Legend for odor:
1- smells bad (a little)
2- smells bad
3- smells like an antiseptic
♥According to the table it shows that gumamela leaves extract and commercial antiseptic have different characteristics: odor, color, and texture.
Table 2: Results (Daily)
1- no effect
2- partly cured
♥The table shows that gumamela leaves extract can cure abrasions but commercial antiseptic is faster in curing the abrasions. It takes two days to cure abrasion when using the gumamela leaves extract while it only takes one day for the commercial antiseptic to cure it.
-gumamela leaves (20g)
-mortar and pestle
In making the gumamela leaves extract. First, the materials will be gathered. Second, the collected gumamela leaves will be washed. Third, the washed gumamela leaves will be pound using mortar and pestle. Fourth, the extract will be strain and lastly the extract will be put in a container.
The application will be done within three days with two individuals.
Th researcher will observe the wound applied with the gumamela leaves extract if it is cured or not. It will be observe within three days.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.
• About 300 species are found worldwide. Its beauty makes it one of the most widely cultivated of flowers, in brilliant huers of red, orange, or purplish-reds, with short-lived but continuing blooms.
• An erect, much-branched, glabrous shrub, 1 to 4 m high.
• Leaves: glossy green, ovate, acuminate, pointeed, coarsely-toothed, 7 to 12 cm long, alternate, stipulate.
• Flowers: solitary, axillary, very large. Outermost series of bracteoles 6, lanceolate, green, and 8 mm long or less. Calyx green, 2 cm long, lobes ovate. Petals commonly red, obovate, entire, rounded tip, and imbricate. Stamens forming a long staminal tube enclosing the entire style of the pistil and protruding out of the corolla. Ovary 5-celled, styles 5, fused below.
• Fruits: capsules, loculicidally 5-valved, but rarely formed in cultivation
Ornamental cultivation throughout the whole country.
Cuttings used for propagation.
• Flowers, roots, and leaves.
• Harvest the roots and leaves anytime of the year.
• Wash, cut into slices, and sun-dry. The flowers should be collected from May to August, sun-dry.
Characteristics and Pharmacological Effects
• Considered emollient, emmenagogue, anodyne, expectorant, refrigerant.
• Anti-infectious, anthelmintic, antiinflammatory, diuretic, antipyretic.
• Hypotensive, antispasmodic.
• Prepared drug has sweet taste, neutral natured.
• The Hibiscus with five petals noted for its medicinal properties, the flowers are considerede astringent. The roots contain a mucilage that is soothing on the mucous membranes of the digestive and respiratory tracts.
Flowers: Flavonoids and proanthocyanidins which are antioxidant, antipyretic, analgesic, spasmolytic.
Polysaccharides which promote wound healing and are immune-modulating. (Link)
• Mumps, infection of the urinary tract: use dried drug materials 15 to 30 gms, boil to decoction and drink.
• For abscesses, carbuncles and boils: crush fresh leaves and poultice the infected area. Also, pound flower buds into a paste and apply to external swellings; also used for boils, cancerous swellings and mumps.
• Decoction of roots, barks, leaves and flowers used as an emollient.
• Decoction from roots of red and white-flowered plants used as an antidote for poison.
• Bark is an emmenagogue; also used to normalize menstruation.
• Seeds used as a stimulant and for cramps.
• Decoction of leaves for fevers.
• For headaches, an infusion of leaves or poultice of leaves.
• Leaves are mildly laxative.
• Mucilage during labor.
• Red flowers are purgative; when taken with papaya seeds, may be abortive.
• Infusion of leaves as an expectorant in bronchitis.
• Hair stimulant: oil made by mixing the juice of fresh petals and olive oil for stimulating hair growth.
• In Costa Rica, used as a purgative.
• In Venezuela, used to treat tumors.
• In the Carribean, used as analgesic, anti-inflammatory.
• In the Dominican Republic, used to treat hematomas.
A tasty tea is brewed from its petals.
• Studies have demonstrated anti-bacterial, hypotensive, antispasmodic, and chemopreventive activities. It has shown glucose lowering in diabetic rats. Leaf extract has shown to promote hair growth.
In dermatology, an abrasion is superficial damage to the skin, generally not deeper than the epidermis. It is more superficial than an excoriation, although it can give mild bleeding. Mild abrasions do not scar, but deep abrasions may lead to the development of scarring tissue.
Thursday, December 4, 2008
- Background of the Study
As much as we'd like for it to be otherwise, injuries still happen. One example of injuries is abrasions, it happen when skin comes contact with a rough material. Skinned knees or palms are the most common types of abrasions. Bleeding is usually minimal. So I chose this study to help people find cheaper cure for abrasions.
We all know that gumamela (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn) is used for ornamental cultivation througout the country. Gumamela contains anodyne that can relieves pain. So it is suitable to be a cure for abrasions because it ha the ability to relive pain.
- Statement of the Problem
This study tries to find out if gumamela leaves extract can cure external wounds specifically, abrasions.
Specifically, it will try to answer the following question:
1.) Can gumamela leaves extract cure abrasions?
1.) Gumamela leaves extract can cure abrasions.
2.) Gumamela leaves extract cannot cure abrasions.
- Significance of the Study
This study determines if gumamela leaves extract cure abrasions. Since most of the people dont have antiseptic in their homes they could find a substitute for it like gumamela leaves extract. It is also cheaper and easy to find. Gumamela leaves extract is also environment- friendly because there's no harmful chemicals added to the extract that can harm the environment.
- Scope and Limitation
This study is limited only in determining if gumamela leaves extract can cure abrasions. Moreover, this study pertains only to gumamela leaves, which I chose to investigate.
- Definition of Terms
-GUMAMELA (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn) is a shrub that grows from one meter up to four meters high. Gumamela is also known as: Hibicus, China rose and Shoeflower. In the Philippines, gumamela is cultivated as an environmental plant. The gumamela flower comes in many colors: red, yellow, orange, white, purple, pink and other color combinations.
Gumamela leaves, flowers, roots are used as herbal medicines. It has the following medicinal characteristics: expectorant, diurect, emollient, anti- infectious, anti- infamatory, antipyretic, anodyne and refrigerant.